During the early hours, we encountered 10/10ths pack ice. For ice masters that means that the entire ocean surface is covered in ice. From the shuddering of the ship, it was clear that at least five engines were working. The ship rammed, reversed and rammed again, but the distance gain was small.
The captain deployed a helicopter for ice reconnaissance. He was hoping to find a lead - open water - through which to navigate to Cape Norvegia or Atka Bay.